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Home > Art > Sculptures

ROSA BONHEUR Animal Bronze Sculpture of a Cow

Item ID:4682

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Item description:

Very nice and important French animalistic artist Rosa Bonheur bronze sculpture of a cow on a marble base. The piece is signed R. Bonheur and also has two more initials at front of the bronze “T.H.” – most likely a presentation piece to someone with those initials. The bronze has original silver plating although some of it has been worn out due to time and age. Most likely an 1880-1890 work of art by this famous French artist. It is a miniature collector piece measuring 72x65x50mm together with marble base and cow itself is 48x35x28mm. The piece is in an absolutely perfect condition. Rosa Bonheur, real name Marie-Rosalie Bonheur, (b. Bordeaux, France, March 16, 1822 – d. Thomery (By), France, May 25, 1899) was a French animalière and realist artist. As a painter she became famous primarily for two chief works: Ploughing in the Nivernais (in French Le labourage nivernais, le sombrage ), which was first exhibited at the Salon of 1848, and is now in the Musée d’Orsay in Paris depicts a team of oxen ploughing a field while attended by peasants set against a vast pastoral landscape; and, The Horse Fair (in French Le marché aux chevaux ), which was exhibited at the Salon of 1853 (finished in 1855) and is now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, in New York City. Bonheur is widely considered to have been the most famous woman painter of the nineteenth century. Bonheur was the eldest child in a family of artists. Her father Raimond Bonheur was a landscape and portrait painter and an early adherent of Saint-Simonianism, a Christian-socialist sect that promoted the education of women alongside men. The Saint-Simonians also prophesized the coming of a female messiah. Her mother Sophie (neé Marquis) who died when Rosa Bonheur was only eleven, had been a piano teacher. Bonheur's younger siblings included the animal painters Auguste Bonheur and Juliette Bonheur and the animal sculptor Isidore Jules Bonheur. That the Bonheur family was renowned as a family of artists is attested to by the fact that Francis Galton, the cousin of Charles Darwin used the Bonheurs as an example of "Hereditary Genius" in his 1869 essay of the same title. Due to a tendency in 1980s-1990s academic criticism to locate Bonheur as a proto-Feminist and as a pivotal figure for Queer theory she is perhaps most famous today because she was known for wearing men's clothing and living with women. This is ironic because (as a woman and possible lesbian) the practice that she devoted her working life to as an artist is now largely forgotten or dismissed as secondary in importance to her clothing, her female companions and her penchant for smoking cigarettes. On her wearing of trousers, she said at the time that this was simply practical, as it facilitated her work with animals: "I was forced to recognize that the clothing of my sex was a constant bother. That is why I decided to solicit the authorization to wear men's clothing from the prefect of police. But the suit I wear is my work attire, and nothing else. The epithets of imbeciles have never bothered me...." She died at the age of 77. Many of her paintings, which had not been shown publicly, were sold at auction in Paris in 1900. Scarce work of art and collector piece and one of the important French artists bronze sculptures.

Price:

$1280.00 / €914.29

Seller:

Vicmart

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